What is Automation Testing? Types, Examples, Process

This tutorial covers automation testing definition, types, examples, benefits of automation testing, testing process, best tool selection, and more.

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    Those in the technology industry are acquainted with testing. In other words, constructing and refining a product or software application, then repeatedly testing it until it's perfect.

    It is an integral aspect of the product development cycle and is crucial for ensuring that your product is as fantastic as you want.

    Currently, testing is more complex and complicated. We have begun to use automated testing to reduce the effort of the rest of the team and provide precise findings.

    According to the findings, automated testing is 70% faster than manual testing.

    This article will go further into automation testing, covering its definition, benefits, process, types, and how to use it in your business.

    What Is Automation Testing?

    Modern software development has been changed by automated testing.

    Test automation, also called test automation or automated quality assurance (QA) testing, uses automation tools to keep track of test data, run tests, and look at test results to improve software quality.

    When appropriately implemented, it reduces the amount of manual testing required. All tests had to be done by hand before test automation, and this was slow, prone to mistakes, and costly.

    [ Read our full article, What is the Purpose of Quality Assurance in Financial Services? ]

    How Does Automated Testing Work?

    To automate tests, a company will often follow a set of established procedures and use a predetermined set of resources. Frameworks for data-driven and keyword-driven test automation, linear scripting, and modular testing are widely used.

    While the linear scripting framework is well suited for smaller applications, it does not offer reusable scripts and thus does not allow the usage of a test script without much preparation. To cut down on unnecessary testing, software testers use modular testing frameworks to write scripts for individual, standalone tests.

    Unlike modular alternatives, data-driven frameworks allow software testers to write scripts that apply to numerous data sets and give extensive quality coverage with fewer tests. Testing frameworks that are keyword-driven often use table formats to specify keywords for each function and execution method, allowing software testers who lack a strong programming background to generate test scripts using the defined keywords. Hybrid-driven frameworks use the best features from many methodologies and blend them into one.

    Selenium, Robotium, and Cypress are examples of open-source test automation frameworks and technologies. Selenium supports various programming languages and browsers, including C# and Java, and automates and runs test parameters. Automated user acceptability, function, and system testing for Android devices are made easier using Robotium. Cypress's functional, integration, and unit tests can run locally or in a browser. Cypress offers a browser-based debugger and access to distributed object models.

    Automation Testing

    Speed up your work with automation testing.

    Why Is Automation Testing Used?

    To guarantee high-quality software, testing must be executed often during the development cycle. Rerunning software tests is necessary for any software development process involving source code changes. Each software update can undergo comprehensive testing across all platforms and hardware variants. Repeating these tests by hand is time-consuming and expensive. Automated tests are quicker and more cost-effective than hand-run tests, and once they've been developed, they can be performed again without further effort. Software testing automation can reduce manual testing by a significant margin, from days to hours. It's a time-saving measure that will help you save money in the long run.

    Automated testing can significantly expand the breadth and depth of tests regarding improving software quality. More extended tests, often skipped in favor of more frequent shorter ones during manual testing, can be executed without human intervention. They can be used on a wide variety of computer systems. To verify proper operation, application memory, data tables, file contents, and internal program states can all be examined by automated software testing. Test automation makes it feasible to perform hundreds of unique, complicated test cases in each test run, ensuring impossible coverage with human testing.

    Benefits Of Automation Testing

    Automated testing can make a QA team more efficient. Here are some benefits of automation testing:

    Improved accuracy Superior capacity for reporting Enhanced protection Optimization of available means Better debugging capabilities Better ability to reuse

    A software tester can make mistakes while manually reviewing a system, particularly if the system in question has hundreds or thousands of lines of code. The QA team can use automation to speed up the application testing process and reduce the likelihood of human error.

    Reporting features are included in several test automation platforms, allowing users to see the results of each test run. A tester can evaluate the software's performance regarding requirements and expectations by comparing the findings to other reports.

    In general, automated testing frees up time and resources by removing the need for manual testing. A quality assurance team can reuse automated test scripts to guarantee that every check is conducted similarly. In addition, automated testing facilitates early problem discovery, which can cut down on development time and expenses.

    What Are The Types Of Automation Testing?

    Unit Testing

    First-level automated testing examines the functionality of an application's subsystems. Although developers often create these tests, automated testers contribute, and the software development life cycle often includes these tests.

    Smoke Testing

    The purpose of these tests is to determine whether the building is reliable. If the build is unstable, it will be returned to the developers; otherwise, the testers will accept it and proceed with additional testing.

    Black Box Testing

    This testing aims to ensure that all expected features are present and accurate, that any known interface faults have been fixed, that any known behavior-related or performance-related problems have been fixed, and that any known termination errors have been fixed.

    Integration Testing

    During this testing phase, the various parts of an application are brought together logically and put through their paces together. Data communication between the multiple parts of an application is the primary focus of this kind of testing.

    Functional Testing

    This kind of testing is carried out to ensure that all of the features perform as intended. This includes testing the application's public interface (API), database, and security, in addition to its general operation.

    Regression Testing

    Extensive testing ensures that all previously implemented features continue operating as expected after recent code modifications. As the name implies, it ensures that the original code continues to function in the same manner as it did before the modifications were made.

    What Is The Difference Between Manual Testing And Testing Automation?

    In contrast to automated testing, which relies on pre-existing scripts, manual testing requires human input at every stage. Developers have to sift through the software via SQL and log analysis, test usage and input combinations, compare collected results to the projected behavior, and record all outcomes, which can seem like extra work but allows them to draw insights from the examination of each step in the process.

    On the other hand, automated testing eliminates the need to pay attention to each intermediate step after the test has been created instead of concentrating on producing the desired result. However, this enables continuous testing by allowing tests to be frequently run apart from the involvement of developers. In contrast, manual testing necessitates that developers repeatedly carry out each stage of the process whenever a test has to be run on a particular section of code.

    More extensive tests that were skipped during manual testing are often done using automated testing after the product has been built. Using automation, these long tests can run in the background across a fleet of machines with varying specifications.

    The Automation Test Process

    Since we've covered different kinds of automated testing, let's look at the overall procedure for automating tests. Test automation consists of three main phases: planning, execution, and result reporting.

    Planning Stage

    Starting with a clean slate, including the state, test data, and testing environment, is essential. As we've seen, most tests require a predetermined environmental state before a result is returned. Usually, this calls for preliminary steps, and the information or the program state must be changed to get the desired result.

    Executive Stage

    It's time to act once the state and environment have reached the desired shape. The test driver will execute the test by requesting an application's API or user interface or by completing the code directly. While the test driver is in charge of "driving" the tests, the test management system is accountable for organizing and reporting on all aspects of the testing process.

    Report Outcomes

    The outcomes of tests will be recorded and reported by an automated system. These findings can appear in various ways and could even trigger tickets or issues in a project management tool. But ultimately, everything boils down to a simple pass/fail outcome. Each scenario in the exam is often accompanied by a green or red light.


    Automation Testing Tools

    It takes specialized equipment; as we've already explained, it takes specialized equipment to automate a manual test. An unusual instrument is needed, and a platform might be as simple as a testing framework like Jest or as complex as the Selenium software system.

    You should know that not all programs for automated testing are the same, and the steps mentioned above provide the ideal conditions for automating tests.

    Nonetheless, there are suppliers of automation tools that do not provide any means of documenting the results of tests. Competing systems lack tools for developing test scripts, which are lacking in competing systems. Make sure you grasp the fundamental capabilities your chosen test automation system must provide before making a final decision. If you do not, you could end up in a position where you have to face some challenging tests.

    Furthermore, testing specific applications is more complex than others, and the complexity of mobile apps can exceed or fall short of their web-based counterparts. Specific and regulated standards are common in industries including healthcare and automotive, making for challenging test circumstances.

    A successful automation strategy requires a solution that is tailored to both the application's specific needs and the industry's specific needs.

    Finally, the team's expertise is a factor that should be considered when settling on an automation solution. If your staff does not know much coding knowledge, it's better and more profitable to go with a codeless solution than to put things on hold and invest in training.

    Which Automation Tool Is Best?

    Finding the appropriate tool to use can be challenging. The criteria listed below will guide you toward the most appropriate instrument for your needs:

    • Environment Support
    • Testing of Database
    • Minimize training cost of selected tools
    • Image Testing
    • Object Mapping
    • Support for various tests – including functional, test management, mobile, etc.
    • Support for multiple testing frameworks
    • Easy to debug the automation software scripts
    • Object identification
    • Scripting Language Used
    • Error Recovery Testing
    • Ability to recognize objects in any environment
    • Extensive test reports and results

    How Do I Start Test Automation?

    No matter how eager you are to learn about and start using test automation in your organization, you will not be able to do anything if your management does not see the benefits. Everyone agrees that test automation costs money, and you need to persuade the bosses to pay for these costs and tell them to be patient until test automation starts giving them results.

    The second step to testing automation is finding people who know how to use automation tools. There are two types of automation experts: Architects and engineers who work on automation.

    The next step for automation is to use the right tool. This is another challenging part of getting started with automation. There are many tools on the market, but you need to choose the ones that work best for your purpose.

    Analyzing different applications to find out which ones can be automated best. If your company is working on five other apps, not all of them have to be automated. When choosing an application to automate, we must think about many things. After selecting the tools and hiring the resources, the next step should be to train the resources. The other step is to make the test automation framework. The automation architect's biggest job is to develop an automation framework that will support long-term automated testing.

    The next step is to plan how to carry out the project. Choosing where the scripts will be run is part of the execution plan. The environment has different hardware configurations and an operating system (OS). When the framework is made, the execution plan is clear, and the people using the new tool have been trained, it's time to start writing scripts.

    Most of the time, the reporting feature is part of the tool. But we can make custom ways to report, like sending the results to management automatically by email.

    The last step is to keep up with the scripts. Maintenance will not be complicated if best practices for programming are used and the framework is sound. Most of the time, maintenance happens when an application needs a change. To ensure that this change does not mess up the execution, the scripts should be updated immediately.

    Here is a step-by-step explanation of the automation testing process and how to start it in your organization. I hope that your automation will go well if you follow these steps.

    Test Automation with Ronwell Digital

    Test automation is great for handling standard, repetitive, and high-volume testing. Using Ronwell Digital, managing and coordinating testing efforts is significantly more straightforward.

    With the automated testing and quality assurance services from Ronwell, you get to know the truth about how your product is tested and put into use.

    So, how can Ronwell help you with test automation?

    Integration from end to end

    We ensure that your web and mobile apps work well with all platforms, browsers, devices, and operating systems to reach your target audience anytime and anywhere.

    Document processing

    A big part of compliance is ensuring the proper paperwork is kept in a safe and well-organized place. Ronwell takes care of that for you by helping you figure out what needs to be on a document and what you need to do to ensure you are in full compliance.

    Security and privacy monitoring

    Your customers and we care most about the security and privacy of your customers. We ensure your security system is vital so that it can't be broken into by a third party and put your business at risk.

    Automation testing

    We have a wide range of software testing tools that help us find and fix problems before your product goes on the market. We do not run tests at random. Instead, we use a structured method to determine if any tests are needed and then estimate how many are required. This saves time and cuts out extra costs.

    Bottom Line

    In conclusion, test automation helps improve quality and speed up the process. But not every test can be done automatically. There's no doubt that you have to put money into it, and there are so many tests that it's essential to find the right mix. The test pyramid is a simple rule of thumb that can help you get this right. It says most tests should be unit, service, and user interface (UI) tests.

    A test automation system manages test data, runs tests, and keeps track of results, among other things. Test automation is the next step for teams struggling to do the same manual tests that should be automated repeatedly.

    Contact us to learn more about how Ronwell can make all kinds of testing easier and better at every stage of the development cycle.







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    Halime Yılmaz

    Content Marketing Specialist

    11 min read

    1 November 2022, Tuesday

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